Ares was the ancient Greek god of war, battlelust, courage and civil order. He was true royalty and one of the Twelve Olympians, and the son of Zeus and Hera.
Ares was tall, handsome, but also mean and self-centered. He often involved in wars and did not care who won or lost a battle. He just liked bloodshed. His best friend was Eris, the spirit of disagreement. They often brought the spirits of pain, panic, and famine to the world.
Allegory with Venus, Mars, Cupid and Time
Athena, who was also a war goddess, is the goddess of wisdom. So she was combining power with intelligence. That is why in most cases, she prevailed against bellicose Ares in conflicts.
Perched on a rocky hill across from the Parthenon, the Areopagus included a high court, temples, and “cultural facilities” (Wikipedia). This high court was the Supreme Court of ancient Athens. Areopagus is Greek for “Ares rock,” after the god of war. Since Ares’ Roman name is Mars, the place is also called “Mars Hill.”.